Scarborough Fair

从PBS上看到这个:

听着熟悉的旋律,想起曾经在逸夫馆,和Spring上自习时,听到过外面传来的旋律。

这是《毕业生》版:

这首英格兰民歌从中世纪就开始流传,相对完整的歌词如下:

BOTH

Are you going to Scarborough Fair?
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Remember me to one who lives there,
For she/he once was a true love of mine.

MAN

Tell her to make me a cambric shirt,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Without any seam nor needlework,
And then she’ll be a true love of mine.

Tell her to wash it in yonder dry well,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Which never sprung water nor rain ever fell,
And then she’ll be a true love of mine.

Tell her to dry it on yonder thorn,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Which never bore blossom since Adam was born,
And then she’ll be a true love of mine.

Ask her to do me this courtesy,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
And ask for a like favour from me,
And then she’ll be a true love of mine.

BOTH

Have you been to Scarborough Fair?
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Remember me from one who lives there,
For she/he once was a true love of mine.

WOMAN

Ask him to find me an acre of land,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Between the salt water and the sea-strand,
For then he’ll be a true love of mine.

Ask him to plough it with a lamb’s horn,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
And sow it all over with one peppercorn,
For then he’ll be a true love of mine.

Ask him to reap it with a sickle of leather,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
And gather it up with a rope made of heather,
For then he’ll be a true love of mine.

When he has done and finished his work,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Ask him to come for his cambric shirt,
For then he’ll be a true love of mine.

BOTH

If you say that you can’t, then I shall reply,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
Oh, Let me know that at least you will try,
Or you’ll never be a true love of mine.

Love imposes impossible tasks,
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme,
But none more than any heart would ask,
I must know you’re a true love of mine.

有人把它译成了诗经体:

  诗经体的歌词                              英文原歌词
   《斯卡博罗集市》                  Scarborough Fair

问尔所之,是否如适。  Are you going to Scarborough Fair?
蕙兰芫荽,郁郁香芷。  Parsely sage rosemary and thyme.
彼方淑女,凭君寄辞。  Remember me to one who lives there.
伊人曾在,与我相知。  She once was a true love of mine.

嘱彼佳人,备我衣缁。  Tell her to make me a cambric shirt.
蕙兰芫荽,郁郁香芷。  Parsely sage rosemary and thyme.
勿用针砧,无隙无疵。  Without no seams nor needle work.
伊人何在,慰我相思。  Then she will be a true love of mine.

(伴唱)
彼山之阴,深林荒址。  On the side of hill in the deep forest green,
冬寻毡毯,老雀燕子。  Tracing of sparrow on snow crested brown.
雪覆四野,高山迟滞。  Blankets and bed clothers the child of maintain
眠而不觉,寒笳清嘶。  Sleeps unawafe of the clarion call.

嘱彼佳人,营我家室。  Tell her to find me an acre of land.
蕙兰芫荽,郁郁香芷。  Parsely sage rosemary and thyme.
良田所修,大海之坻。  Between the salt water and the sea strand,
伊人应在,任我相视。  Then she will be a true love of mine.

(伴唱)
彼山之阴,叶疏苔蚀。  On the side of hill a sprinkling of leaves
涤我孤冢,珠泪渐渍。  Washes the grave with slivery tears.
惜我长剑,日日拂拭。  A soldier cleans and polishes a gun.
寂而不觉,寒笳长嘶。  Sleeps unaware of the clarion call.

嘱彼佳人,收我秋实。  Tell her to reap it with a sickle of leather.
蕙兰芫荽,郁郁香芷。  Parsely sage rosemary and thyme.
敛之集之,勿弃勿失。  And gather it all in a bunch of heather.
伊人犹在,唯我相誓。  Then she will be a ture love of mine.

(伴唱)
烽火印啸,浴血之师。  War bellows blazing in scarlet battalions.
将帅有令,勤王之事。  Generals order their soldiers to kill and to fight for a cause.
争斗缘何,久忘其旨。  They have long ago forgotten.
痴而不觉,寒笳悲嘶。  Sleeps unaware of the clarion call.

 

Scarborough集市是中世纪英国的著名集市,以长达45天的时间著称。词根borough在英国指享有特权的自治城市,在美国指自治村镇。Scarborough Fair与Scar-Borrow-Fair谐音,意为借来伤痛的集市。

歌曲里提到了三件不可能完成的任务,同时反复出现欧芹、鼠尾草、迷迭香和百里香(Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme)这四种植物,这些都给歌曲蒙上了一层神秘面纱。

对歌曲隐含的意思,有很多种不同的解释,我愿意相信这种:

“歌里的那个斯卡博罗集市其实是暗指那个姑娘毫无原由地离开了这位歌者,而歌者对姑娘提出的这些完全不可能实现的要求是在向她表明,爱情有时必须要求双方做出在常人看来不可能的事情才会持久。当一个人为了爱情去尝试明知不可能的事情,才最能表明他(她)对爱情的忠贞。而欧芹、鼠尾草、迷迭香和百里香这四种植物则在中世纪时的欧洲分别代表善良、力量、温柔和勇气,这也是歌者对姑娘的期望。不管当初歌者的动机是什么,此歌那独特的词句和优美的旋律使得她永远地和爱情联系在了一起。”

"This makes it clear what the disappointed lover means to say by mentioning these herbs. He wishes his true love mildness to soothe the bitterness which is between them, strength to stand firm in the time of their being apart from each other, faithfulness to stay with him during this period of loneliness and paradoxically courage to fulfill her impossible tasks and to come back to him by the time she can."

爱意味着善良、力量、温柔和勇气!你需要去试着完成不可能的任务,才会得到真爱!

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